CHALLENGES AND COPING STRATEGIES OF OIL PALM CULTIVATORS IN MIZORAM NORTH EAST INDIA

K. Vanlalhruaizela

Abstract


The present study probed into the challenges and coping strategies of oil palm cultivators in rural Mizoram. The perception of farmers on oil palm promotion in the state was also assessed. A multi stage sampling procedure was followed to select, blocks, villages and households. Four villages from two districts were selected based on the leading producers of oil palm. The study found that although oil palm cultivation has significantly contributes to rural income there were different challenges and constraints faced by the farmers. To cope with these the challenges, oil palm farmers adopted different coping strategies to minimize their challenges. However, due to lack of livelihood options, majority of these farmers still perceived that oil palm cultivation must be promoted in the state due to its fertility and available market. The paper offered suggestions for different practitioners who are concerned with oil palm promotion and rural development.


Keywords


Oil palm cultivation, challenges, constraints, perception, rural livelihood.

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