IONIZING AND NON-IONIZING RADIATION IN THE HEALTH PERSONNEL OF A HOSPITAL IN QUITO ECUADOR

Pablo Llerena Jara, Wendy Armas Rodríguez, Ricardo Cutus Mullo, Lilia del Carmen Pérez Figueroa, Jessica Monserrate Reinoso, Mariana Belen Vásquez Camapaña, Leonila Jesús Siguencia Guadalupe, Mayra Alexandra Ocapana León, Mayra Viviana Saa Alvarez, Viviana Sandoval espinoza

Abstract


Due to the great technological advances of our era, what we call radiation is produced which produces energy for the operation of the different devices, for this we must distinguish between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation has enough energy to release electrons from a atom, leaving therefore the charged atom, while the radiation non-ionizing, such as radio waves, visible light or ultra-violet radiation , it doesn’t.

Today, we know more about the sources and effects of radiation exposure than almost any other dangerous agent, and the scientific community is constantly updating and analyzing their knowledge.

Most people are aware of the use of radiation in the production of electricity of nuclear origin or in medical applications.  However, many other uses of the technologies are barely known nuclear in industry, agriculture, construction, research and others areas. For someone who reads on the subject for the first time, it can be a surprise that the radiation sources that cause the greatest exposure of the population are not necessarily the ones that attract the most attention.

 In fact, the greater exposure is caused by natural sources always present in the environment, and the biggest contributor to exposure from artificial sources is the use of radiation in medicine worldwide. In addition, everyday experience, such as air travel and live in certain parts of the world in houses well insulated from the outside, can increase substantially radiation exposure.


Keywords


Ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation, electromagnetic radiations, Health Effects

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