A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES RISK FACTORS AMONG THE TRIBAL POPULATION OF GOPI II BLOCK, PASCHIM MIDNAPORE,WEST BENGAL, INDIA.

Siddhartha Sankar Dash, Rabindra Nath Saha

Abstract


Background: Diabetes and coronary heart disease is increasing both globally and in India due to  burden of non-communicable diseases. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of risk factors associated with non-communicable disease and to study the association of the risk factors with non-communicable disease among tribal population of Gopi II block of  Paschim Midnapore

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted Gopi II block during Augustl to October 2019 among 150 Indigenous tribal population of Paschim Midnapore. Multistage random sampling was used. A predesigned, pretested, semi-structured modified WHO STEPs questionnaire was used. Chi square and Multiple Logistic Regression was done to see association.

Results: Mean age was 39.03±12.76 years. Majority (66.7%) were females and (44.7%) had studied up to secondary. (26%) were tobacco smokers and (68%) were tobacco chewing. (36%) were alcoholic. (89.3%) had exercising for <2.5 hrs. 68% were taking vegetables >10 times/ week and 88.7% were taking fruits <5 times/week. (26%) were overweight, (45.3%) had abdominal obesity and 31% were hypertensive. 93.3% were aware of the harmful effects of tobacco consumption. Multiple logistic regression analysis showing factors associated with male were more likely to had higher abdominal obesity and alcohol user >50 yrs, government employee. With smoking, male having more chances of smoking and Age group of 20-30 yrs and 31-40 yrs.

Conclusions: The mean age was 39.03±12.76 years. (26%) were overweight, (45.3%) had abdominal obesity and (31%) were hypertensive. NCD clinic, IEC should be increased.

Keywords


NCD, Tribal, Lifestyle risk factors, WHO STEPS questionnaire

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