INCIDENCE OF THE MYCOENDOPHYTES FROM CATHERANTHUS ROSEUS – AN ANTICANCER PLANT FROM MAHARASHTRA.

N. M. Ghangaonkar

Abstract


The endophytic fungi are one of the most unexplored and diverse group of symbiotic organisms shows great association with higher plants. The production of some essential bioactive compounds from these mycoendophytes plays very important role in development of drugs and results in cure of some types of cancers in human beings as well as in animals. In present investigation Catheranthus roseus has been studied for the occurance of mycoendophytes from Maharashtra and it was found that the plant harbors seven endophytic fungi. Isolation and identification of the mycoendophytes was done by using Foldscope a new invention in microscopy.  The foldscope is an optical microscope with small spherical glass lens and resolution upto 140X. The foldscope microscope is invented by Manu Prakash et.al in Stanford university,USA in 2014 .  It is clear from the study  that all the parts of the Catheranthus roseus show the presence  seven mycoendophytes in more or less frequency. In particular mycoendophytes like Aspergillus flavus showed the maximum colonization where as Penicillium notatum and Aspergillus niger was found less with moderate frequency of Penicillium chrysoginum,Cladosporium cladosporioidis and Alternaria alternata in the roots of Catheranthus roseus. Similaraly, in leaves and stem the colonization of Penicillium notatum was found to be maximum with   very less colonization of Cladosporium cladosporioidis, Penicillium chrysoginum  and Aspergillus flavus.  These organs showed the moderate growth of  Alternaria alternate.


Keywords


mycoendophytes, Catheranthus roseus, Foldscope, anticancer plant.

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