A CLINICAL STUDY OF OLIGOHYDRAMNIOS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME

Dr. K. Divya Teja

Abstract


Introduction: Oligohydramnios is diagnosed by clinical examination and transabdominal ultrasound. Risk factors associated with oligohydramnios are maternal - hypertension, uteroplacental insufficiency, idiopathic and fetal - chromosomal and structural anomalies, IUGR, spontaneous rupture of membranes, postmaturity, drugs like ACE inhibitors. Aims and Objectives : To study the risk factors of oligohydramnios. To study the maternal and fetal outcome in women with oligohydramnios. Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study done in Dept of OBGY at Mamata General Hospital, Khammam from 2018-2019 with sample size of 50 women. Results: In the present study, risk of oligohydramnios increased with maternal age. Association was more with preeclampsia- 24%. 82% of oligohydramnios were with AFI 3-5 cms. Cesarean section was done in 74%. 36% of neonates required NICU admissions. Conclusion: Oligohydramnios is a frequent occurrence and demands intensive fetal surveillance and proper antepartum and intrapartum care.


Keywords


Maternal outcome, Fetal outcome, Oligohydramnios.

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