PATTERNS OF DISTRESS IN MOTHERS OF NICU ADMISSIONS

Dr. Gulab Chandra Gautam, Dr. Rashmi Vishwakarma

Abstract


Background: Birth of a newborn that requires admission to NICU is stressful and traumatic to the parents.
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the patterns of distress in mothers of neonates admitted in NICU and to nd its effects on infantparent
relationship.
Materials and methods: An interview based cross-sectional study was done in mothers of neonates admitted in Tier 3 NICU for a period of more
than 48 hours for a total period of one year. Questions were formulated and levels of distress measured on correlates of depression and anxiety.
Scales used were: PSS-NICU, EPDS and GAD-7. ANOVA and regression analysis was used for statistical calculations.
Results: Findings of the study revealed physical appearance of the neonate as well as the NICU environment as major stress inducers followed by
neonatal characteristics, socio-demography of mothers and family support. Most mothers had anxiety traits whereas 19.9% had depressive traits.
Conclusion: Mothers exhibit high levels of stress during their neonate's hospitalisation that is exhibited as both anxiety and depression further
hampering adequate care and establishment of infant-mother bond. Early identication of anxiety level has implications for support of mothers
during hospitalisation of their newborns.


Keywords


Family support, anxiety, mothers, neonates, NICU

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