KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE STUDY ON HIV / AIDS AMONG 1STYEAR MBBS MEDICAL STUDENTS& 1ST YEAR B.SC. NURSING STUDENTS IN A PRIVATE MEDICAL COLLEGE IN W G DIST, AP

Dr. C. Suryanarayana Vittal, Dr. G. Krishna Murthy

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: HIV/AIDS is recognized as a national priority health issue in most of the developing countries including India. In spite of
several efforts from the governmental and voluntary organizations, the awareness about various aspects of this deadly infection is still not up to the
expectations among the public. One of the important stakeholders in the spread of knowledge being the medical personnel, the HIV/AIDS
awareness is of utmost important amongst the young adolescents especially related to the medical profession
This survey is undertaken in order to assess the current knowledge about HIV/AIDS and their attitudes towards people living with problem
amongst the 1st year students of M.B.B.S. and B.Sc. Nursing. The results will give administrators and teachers a clear direction to enable the
youngsters in their knowledge and train them in proper direction to spread their knowhow to general public too.
OBJECTIVES:
Ÿ To assess the existing knowledge amongst the students about HIV/AIDS
Ÿ To observe if there are any major differences between medical and nursing students?
AIM: To postulate the guidelines for the stakeholders in proper spread of knowledge about HIV/AIDS amongst the important sections of the
society
SUBJETS & METHODS: Students of 1st MBBS and B.Sc. Nursing in a Private Medical Institute in West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional observatory study
STUDY PERIOD: November, 2019
METHODOLOGY: A structured questionnaire of 20 questions given to the students to fill in within a reasonable time period.
EVALUATION: The answers received were analysed using MS access and MS excel and analyse using statistical package of SPSS v
25,evaluation edition and GraphPad online.
RESULTS:
1. 97 % of students know that HIV/AIDS is sexually transmitted disease
2. For a large majority of the students the major source of their knowledge about HIV/AIDS is from their teachers followed by Media/Literature.
3. If in a hypothetical situation of having accidentally exposed to HIV infection, 54 % students preferred t consult a doctor first, where as 41%
wanted to confirm it through laboratory study before taking any initiative.
4. Surprisingly nearly one fourth of the students studied believed that there is a potent vaccine against HIV infection!
5. Significant differences found in knowledge and attitudes between difference sections of students, both on the course of studies and on gender
basis too.
CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge about the HIV/AIDS among fresh medical graduates is on an average level. Some misconceptions about HIV
transmission, risky behaviours and discriminatory attitudes were observed among participants that call for concern and must be addressed


Keywords


HIV; AID, Exposure; Prophylaxis, Contact; STDs, Seropositive,

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