EVALUATION OF PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN LEVELS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS AT DMC, LAHERIASARAI, BIHAR

Dr. Durga Nand Jha, Dr. [Prof.] G. L. Das, Dr. [Prof.] Ajit Kumar Chaudhary, Dr. Debarshi Jana

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Prostate specific antigen is a tumor marker which is a glycoprotein and is expressed by both normal and neoplastic prostate
tissue. The absolute value of Prostate specific antigen is useful for determining the extent of prostate cancer and its treatment. Prostate specific
antigen also increases in cases like Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and prostatitis. The availability of Prostate specific antigen as a marker has
encouraged its use to diagnose both cancer and cancer recurrences.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross sectional study conducted in Pathology Department of Darbhanga Medical College and
Hospital, Laheriasarai, Bihar around a period of one year. Cases of prostatic disease undergoing surgery during the study period were taken.
Prostate specific antigen level of all these cases were correlated with clinical and histopathological findings.
RESULTS: A total of 51 cases of prostatic disease underwent surgery during the study period with the mean age of 66.57 ± 10.68 years. On
histopathological examination, 70.6% had benign prostatic hyperplasia and 17.6% had prostatic adenocarcinoma. Prostate specific antigen level
was <4 ng/ml in 45.1% cases and >20.1ng/ml in 15.7%. In case of carcinoma prostate, 88.9% had prostate specific antigen level > 20.1ng/ml and
11.1% had prostate specific antigen level in a range of 10.1- 20 ng/ml. In case of chronic prostatitis, 66.7% had prostate specific antigen level in a
range of 4.1-10 ng/ml. However, in case of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, 66.7% had PSA level <4 ng/ml.
CONCLUSION: Strong correlation of prostate specific antigen levels of > 20.1 ng/ml with carcinoma prostate was seen.


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