A STUDY ON MATERNAL FACTORS AFFECTING LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN INSTITUTIONAL DELIVERIES AT IGIMS, PATNA

Dr. Abha Kumari, Dr. Sanjay Kumar

Abstract


Introduction: The birth weight of an infant is the single most important determinant of its chances of survival, health, growth and development,
nearly 15 percent of baby born worldwide are low birth weight. Low birth weight is one of the most serious challenges in maternal and child health
in both developed and developing countries.1 It is an essential determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in infancy and childhood and also
has a long-term impact on health outcomes in adult life.2 It is a reliable indicator in monitoring and evaluating the success of maternal and child
health programmes.3 The low birth weight is considered as sensitive index of nation's health and development.4The incidence of low birth weight is
much higher in developing country compared to developed country. The low birth weight (LBW) is a major public health problem in India which
needs to be addressed on an urgent basis. The present study was undertaken to know the incidence of LBW and maternal factors affecting birth
weight.
Methodology: This study was a hospital based cross-sectional study at IGIMS,PATNA. A total of 200 mothers were included in the study.
Information was collected from the mothers by pre tested semi structured questionnaire. Data was analysed by preparing master table and
represented in the form of tables.
Results: The incidence of LBW was found to be 21.3%. In the present study maternal factors like education, nutritional status, knowledge
regarding maternal nutrition, haemoglobin status, multigravida, spacing, weight gain during pregnancy has got significant association in
determining the birth weight of the baby.


Keywords


Haemoglobin status of mother, Low birth weight, Maternal nutrition, Mother's education, Normal birth weight, Spacing, Weight gain

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