FAECAL CARRIAGE OF ESBL PRODUCING ORGANISMS FROM HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

Girish Chaudhari, Dr. Sharvari Samant

Abstract


Background: The gastrointestinal tract of humans is a major reservoir of ESBL producers and it serves as a site for the horizontal spread of
resistant genes. The carriage of these species is related to the hospitalization and antibiotic consumption.
Aim: To detect prevalence of faecal carriage of ESBL producing bacteria from hospitalized patients.
Methodology: 100 faecal samples were processed to culture and identify the normal flora of gut and were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility test.
ESBL detection was carried out by screening test and phenotypic confirmatory double disc diffusion test.
Results: ESBL carriage rate in E. coli and Klebsiella were 31.5% and 29.03% respectively. High degree of resistance to antibiotics and high ESBL
carriage rate was observed in strains isolated from patients with prior antibiotic treatment.
Conclusion: Increased prevalence of high resistance and ESBL carriage in Enterobacteriaceae.


Keywords


Faecal carriage, ESBL, hospitalized patients.

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