A STUDY ON CARDIOVASCULAR MANIFESTATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

Dr. Siddharth Kapoor, Dr. Kumar Vivek, Dr. Parijat Mishra, Dr. J K Mitra

Abstract


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects around 10-13% of general population. The risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains high in all stages
of chronic kidney disease. It has been documented that CKD patients have an extremely high risk of developing CVD compared to the general
population. CKD patients in early stages are more likely to develop CVD than progress to ESRD. This study showed that most common symptoms
were dyspnoea followed by orthopnea, pedal edema, palpitation and chest pain. Risk factors for cardiovascular complications in CKD include
hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, albuminuria, anaemia and metabolic changes. The most common type of cardio vascular disease in
CKD patients was found to be dilated cardiomyopathy followed by left ventricular hypertrophy, ischemic heart disease and pericardial effusion.


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