RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY- A STUDY OF INCIDENCE & RISK FACTORS AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN NORTH-WEST INDIA

Karishma Goyal, Sandeep Parwal, Kamlesh Khilnani

Abstract


PURPOSE-to determine incidence of Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a tertiary centre in North-west India and associated risk factors
promoting development of ROP
METHODS-Newborns fulfilling the screening criteria of National Neonatology Forum of India, underwent fundus examination using indirect
ophthalmoscope. Risk factors including gestational age, birth weight, sex, and mode of delivery, respiratory distress syndrome, oxygen therapy,
sepsis, intraventricular hemorrhage & blood transfusion were noted
RESULT-out of the studied 200 consecutive infants over 12 months study period, 59 developed ROP. 43 infants required treatment in form of
LASER photocoagulation or AntiVEGF. There was a significant relationship between occurrence of ROP & gestational age (p=0.0001), birth
weight (p=0.0001), oxygen therapy (p=0.0337), sepsis (p=0.0094) & blood transfusions (p=0.0085).
CONCLUSION-Our study outlines the prevalence of risk factors for the development of ROP & thus highlights the need to strategize the
screening guidelines to better assess the Indian population


Keywords


India, Risk Factors, Retinopathy Of Prematurity

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