DIAGNOSTIC ROLE OF ENDOSCOPY IN UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES

Noopur Patel, Bhavin Prajapati, Asif Meman, Jignesh Savsaviya

Abstract


Introduction: Endoscopy of Endoscopy of gastrointestinal diseases is an effective tool for the diagnostic evaluation and management of patients
with dysphagia. Thus, the present study was undertaken to study the role upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in early diagnosis and management of
common gastric disorders.
Material and Methods: The present prospective study comprised of 100 patients who underwent endoscopy procedure due to history related to
gastric disorders in the SMIMER Medical College, Surat.. After history taking and physical examination, patients were subjected to fibre-optic
upper GI scopy. Obtained data was arranged according to characteristics and was expressed as a number and percentage of respondents and were
analyzed using the SPSS Version 17 software.
Results: In the present study, duration of symptoms of gastric discomfort and pain with 36 patients reported symptoms from <1 month, 92 from 1-6
months, 40 from months to 1 year and 32 patients reported symptoms from a duration of 1-2 years. On endoscopic examination, 44 patients were
diagnosed with reflux esophagitis, 12 hiatus hernia, 72 gastritis, 12 gastric ulcer, 20 carcinoma stomach and 8 duodenal ulcer.
Conclusion: Upper GI endoscopy is an effective and appropriate approach for initial investigation to assess patients with dysphagia. It enhances
the early diagnosis and thus helps in early initiation of the required treatment for acute abdomen including pharmacological and surgical treatment.


Keywords


Gastric Carcinoma; Gastritis; GERD; Oesophgogastroduodenoscopy

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