KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF ROAD SAFETY MEASURES AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY HEALTH CARE INSTITUTE, MEDCHAL, TELANGANA STATE.

Dr. G. Monica, Dr. Kusneniwar G. N., Dr. L. S. Vaz

Abstract


Background: Globally road traffic accidents (RTA) causes more than 1.35million deaths, 50million injuries and considered leading killer among adolescents. Everyday nearly 400people die and many disabled in India. Human behaviour and acceptance of safety are central to road safety.

Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of road safety measures among medical students in a tertiary health care facility.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 302 medical students during the period April-May2019 by using semi-structured questionnaire in a tertiary care institute at Medchal, Telangana.

Results: Respondents mean age was 20.59 year, 71.5% had adequate knowledge on road safety measures, 95.6% had good attitude and 12.7% were never used helmet while driving.  Bad roads (43%) was the main reason for RTA. Attitude towards road signs and symbols  help to reduce road accidents, practice of eating or drinking while driving and education of respondents mother were associated with knowledge (p <0.05).

Conclusion: Knowledge acquired is not getting transformed into practice, necessitating to intensify the measures by IEC activities, strict implementation of legislation and motivating to convert knowledge into practice.


Keywords


Road traffic accidents, knowledge, attitude, practice, Telangana

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