OPEN DRESSING IN MANAGEMENT OF SECOND DEGREE BURN IN A BURN UNIT

Akhilesh Ratnakar, Kaushlendra Singh Narwariya, Ayush Singh Tomar

Abstract


This study was to evaluate the results of open dressing in management of second degree burn in patients.

 

Methods: A retrospective study conducted on patients with second degree burn during the period of 11 months 19 days from January 2018 to December 2018.

 

Results: 196 patients were included in this study. Age range was 1.5 Months to 80 years. 45.40% of patients were within 20 years. 66.3% injured by hot water, 21.9% by hot liquids, 7.1% by hot cooking related substance and 4.5% due to flame. Only 12.75% patients showed positive culture of pathogenic organisms. Among them, 7 had a combined growth of Pseudomonas aeroginosa and E Coli. 4 (2.04%) patient needed skin grafting. 46.42% patient stayed in hospital up to 10 days and only 21 patients stayed >30 days. It was also noted that healing was faster in younger (<30 years) age group as compared to adult age group.

 

Conclusion: Second degree burn can manage by open method effectively and successfully. Regular cleansing of the burnt wound with clean water application of moist exposed burn ointment (MEBO) can easily be taught to the attendants.


Keywords


Second Degree Burn, Open Dressing.

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