KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF DIABETIC PATIENTS UNDERGOING CATARACT SURGERY.

Dr Vandna Sharma

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic systemic disease that has increased in prevalence over time. It can affect all ocular structures, with cataract being the most common ocular complication. Cataract is the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Due to several mechanisms, there is an increased incidence of cataract formation in the diabetic population.

Aim: To assess knowledge and attitude of diabetic patients scheduled for cataract surgery.

Methods: Sixty-nine patients were included in the study, visiting Ophthalmology department at regional hospital, Bilaspur. Knowledge and attitude of the study subjects were evaluated using a questionnaire. Data was expressed as frequency and percentages.

Results: 91.3% of the patients responded that they were known about “Safed Motia”. For 68.1% of the patients, source of information was media followed by health workers (31.9%). 78.3% of the patients responded that age is one of the factors for causation of cataract. 20.3% of the patients reported that superstitions are the cause of cataract. 84% of the patients responded that they will like to visit a specialized medical facility for treatment. Overall 84% of the study subjects had excellent knowledge and 17.4% of the subjects had positive attitude.

Conclusion: There is a need for exploring the myths regarding cataract and its surgery through various activities as there is large gap in public’s knowledge and understanding of cataract blindness.


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, cataract, knowledge and attitude

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