SELECTIVE DUAL OREXIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS (DORAS): THE NEW PARADIGM IN TREATING INSOMNIA

Dr Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti

Abstract


The control of sleep and wakefulness is a complex process involving the coordinated activity of numerous neuronal circuits within small group of hypothalamic neurons that synthesize and release orexins (also known as hypocretins). Orexin receptor antagonists (ORA) differ from benzodiazepines and non benzodiazepines in that they have no effect on GABA and, instead of promoting sleep, these drugs inactivate wakefulness. This results in  improved sleep induction and maintenance parameters without producing impairments in cognitive function  and  other adverse effects permitting daily use on a long-term basis with no risk of rebound insomnia or physical dependence. 


Keywords


Selective dual orexin receptor antagonists, insomnia

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.