PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF INGUINAL HERNIA: A STUDY IN BUNDELKHAND AREA, SAGAR, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA

Akhilesh Ratnakar, Kaushlendra Singh Narwariya, Ayush Singh Tomar

Abstract


Background: The protrusion from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal is called inguinal hernia. Although several hypothesis regarding the etiology of inguinal hernia have been proposed, large-scale data on the occurrence of inguinal hernia may provide further understanding to the pathophysiology of inguinal hernia development. This study was conducted with the intention of identifying the various types of inguinal hernia observed in our area as well as their risk factors.

Methods: All the study subjects had come to the hospital with complaints of groin swelling with or without pain. The patient was palpated at each groin to observe if there was a visible and clearly palpable hernia, a palpable impulse or a previous operational scar. Details of the hernia, such as the type of hernia , primary or recurrent were also noted.

Results: Out of the 265 patients, 87.92% patients were males and 12.08% were females and the commonest age group was 31-60 years. 80% of the cases were primary inguinal hernia while 20% were recurrent hernia. Period of swelling was less than one year for majority of the patients, while the least of them had swelling for more than 2 years. The most common cause for the presence of hernia was lifting heavy objects in 60% and improper bowel movements 40%.


Keywords


INGUINAL HERNIA, hypothesis, etiology

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