A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN THE OUTCOME OF PRIMARY REPAIR VERSUS LOOP ILEOSTOMY IN ILEAL PERFORATION AT NMC, SASARAM, BIHAR

Dr. Subhash Kumar, Dr. N. K. Jha, Dr. Debarshi Jana

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. Ileal perforation peritonitis is a common surgical emergency in the Indian subcontinent and in tropical countries. It is reported
to constitute the fifth common cause of abdominal emergencies due to high incidence of enteric fever and tuberculosis in these regions.
METHODS. Sixty proven cases of ileal perforation patients admitted to Surgical Emergency were taken up for emergency surgery.
Randomisation was done by senior surgeons by picking up card from both the groups. The surgical management was done as primary repair (group
A) and loop ileostomy (group B).
RESULTS. An increased rate of postoperative complications was seen in group A when compared with group B with 6 (20%) patients landed up in
peritonitis secondary to leakage from primary repair requiring reoperation as compared to 2 (6.67%) in ileostomy closure. A ratio of 1 : 1.51 days
was observed between hospital stay of group A to group B.
CONCLUSION. In cases of ileal perforation temporary defunctioning loop ileostomy plays an important role. We recommend that defunctioning
ileostomy should be preferred over other surgical options in cases of ileal perforations. It should be recommended that ileostomy in these cases is
only temporary and the extra cost and cost of management are not more than the price of life.


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