A POPULATION BASED STUDY OF ACUTE DIARRHOEA AMONG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY

Dr. Rashmi Vishwakarma, Dr. Gulab Chandra Gautam

Abstract


Aim of the study: To estimate the prevalence of acute diarrhoea in children under 5 years in a rural population and to
study the different modalities of treatment adopted by the caregivers.
Methodology: This was a population based study in which a total of three hundred under 5 children having acute diarrhoea at the time of interview or
had acute diarrhoea in the preceding 2 weeks were included. Details of acute diarrhoea and treatment modalities were obtained among the respondents
of under 5 children. A per-test questionnaire was used as a data collection tool and face to face interviews were conducted. All the data were analysed
using IBM SPSS version 22 software. Chi square/Fisher Extract/Student t test and ANOVA test has been used.
Results: The prevalence of Acute diarrhoea was found to be 30.5% (95% CI 19.4% - 38.5%). The prevalence of acute diarrhoea among males and
females were 31.4% and 29.8% respectively. Children in the age group 7-12 months had the highest prevalence of diarrhoea to the extent of
43.5% followed by the age group 13-24 months, 0-6 months and group 25 months.Oral Rehydration Therapy use rate was found to be 47.6%
(95% CI 56.5 – 76.9). There was no marked difference in ORT use among male and female children.
Conclusion: The prevalence of acute diarrhoea among under 5 children was found to be 30.5 % and the most vulnerable age group was 7-12
months which corresponds to the time of weaning. The ORT use rate was found to be 67.2% much higher than other studies. The ORT use rate was
higher among literate mother.


Keywords


Acute Diarrhoea, Oral Rehydration Therapy, Under five children and Population based study.

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