A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PANCYTOPENIA

B. Magesh, Dr. E Yogalakshmi

Abstract


INTRODUCTION:Pancytopenia refers to the combination of anaemia,leukopenia and thrombocytopenia.Causes
maybe due to bone marrow failure, bone marrow inltration, ineffective haematopoiesis or peripheral pooling. The
severity and underlying pathology determines the management and prognosis.
METHODS:This is a retrospective study conducted by the department of Pathology at Saveetha Medical College and Hospital based on gender,
age and etiological causes of Pancytopenia.
RESULTS:On study comprised of 60 patients females were more predominantly affected when compared to males at the ratio of 1.38:1.The
most commonly affected age group was between 40 – 70 years.The most common etiological cause was found to be Anaemia.Other causes
included Neoplasm Infections and Chronic diseases
CONCLUSIONS:The etiological causes of Pancytopenia vary depending on age, gender, country, and other conditions.Most of the etiological
causes could be diagnosed with laboratory analysis and radiological imaging.MegaloblasticAnaemia is the most common cause for
Pancytopenia.


Keywords


Pancytopenia, Bone Marrow, Megaloblatic Anaemia

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