A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO ASSESS THE AWARENESS REGARDING MEASLES AND RUBELLA (M.R.) VACCINATION CAMPAIGN AMONG THE SCHOOL TEACHERS AND PARENTS IN METROPOLITAN CITY

Dr. Nilima Sonawane, Jeetendra Chavan, Kavita Rathod, Rohini Kshirsagar, Christina Bhakre, Shashikala Kadam

Abstract


India is committed to the goal of measles elimination and control of rubella/ CRS (congenital rubella syndrome) by 2020.
To achieve this goal, Measles Rubella (MR) campaign is being launched in the country covering all children of 9 months
to below 15 years of age group. The family and schools are the back bone for the growth and development of the children, Their knowledge and
awareness regarding MR campaign plays key roles in vaccination of their own children. Moreover, it is essential in the effective outcome of this
campaign. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the awareness of parents and school teachers regarding Measles and Rubella
vaccination campaign in the metropolitan city.
Materials and methods: The sample size was 120, which comprises of 60 parents and equal numbers of teachers from the selected schools in
urban area. The sample was selected using simple random sampling technique as per the inclusion criteria. The data was collected in the month
of February 2019 using Structured Questionnaire. The analysis and interpretation of data was based on the objectives of the study and it was
done with the help of inferential and descriptive statistics. The level of significance set for testing the hypotheses was at 0.05 levels. Pearson's
correlation was applied to determine the correlation of awareness among the teachers and parents.
Results: Majority of the teachers (50%) were from age group 21 -30 years and parents (38%) were belonged between 31-40 years. Majority
teachers (47%) and parents (45%) were females. Nearly equal (48%) and 50% parents were Hindus and Muslims respectively and (51.67%)
teachers were Hindus followed by Muslims (28.33%).As far as their education was concerned majority (60%) parents studied up to SSC and
teachers (35 …..Majority of the teachers (55%) scored excellent. As they are implementing the program through schools. Even the majority (
56.67%) parents scored good awareness.This indicate the effect of IEC multimedia in creating awareness. there was association between the
educational level and the level of awareness as the'x² test for unpaired sample, the calculated x² values are less than the table x² values which
indicated null hypothesis ( H ) is accepted and alternate hypothesis(H ) is rejected for demographic variables( . However, there was 0 1 p≤0.05)
association between awareness on MR and their Education, their views on need of awareness campaign and own children's MR Vaccination
( Education plays a very important roles in inculcating the positive p≤0.05) behavior.
Conclusion: The study concluded that, the teachers and parents are aware about the Government of India's MR campaign. The effectiveness
results because of public private partnership by including the school teachers.


Keywords


Measles and Rubella (M.R.) Campaign, Awareness, School Teachers and Parents

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