A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLAIN HOT WATER FOMENTATION VERSUS HOT WATER WITH EPSOM SALT FOMENTATION TO REDUCE KNEE JOINT PAIN AMONG ELDERLY (60-90 YEARS)

Pravina Suryawanshi

Abstract


Knee pain affects nearly 35% of adults that has resulted in poor functioning of the knee joint. The prevalence of knee joint pain increased over the past 20 years, with osteoarthritis being the most common cause in individuals over the age of 50 .Women are more likely to suffer from osteoarthritis   than men. Knee injuries can occur as the result of a direct blow or sudden movement that strains the knee joint beyond its normal range. Knee pain can cause difficulty in performing activities such as walking, rising from chair ,climbing stairs, or playing sports. Therefore , “A comparative  study to assess  the effectiveness of plain hot water fomentation  versus  hot water with epsom salt  fomentation to reduce knee joint pain among elderly (60-90 years)  nirashrit vridh ashrya garh (run by indian red cross society) tilwara road, jabalpur   m.p.” The study include 60 elderly person who suffering from knee joint pain.Pre test is conducted to assess the effectiveness of plain hot water fomentation and hot water with Epsom salt fomentation for reduce knee joint pain. Pre test and Post test is assessed by using Modified Numeric Pain Rating Scale.After the pre test the samples were given fomentation. For the convenience of the researcher samples of GROUP A were divided into two  group of 15 sample each where they were given fomentation one by one for 15-20 min on every alternate day in a week. In a same way 30 elderly of GROUP B were given hot water with Epsom salt fomentation. After 12th day the post test was conducted to  assess the effectiveness of plain hot water fomentation and hot water with Epsom salt fomentation for reduce knee joint pain, using same tool, Modified Numeric Pain Rating Scale.

Result showed that the mean score of post for plain hot water fomentation was 4.4  and the  hot water with Epsom salt fomentation mean score of post test is 2.46, mean difference of post test is 1.94,with Standard deviation 1.13, standard deviation error 0.27 and calculated “t’’value is 7.15 is more than tabulated‟ p”  value (2.00) at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that  hot water with Epsom salt fomentation is  more effective than plain hot water fomentation  in reducing knee joint pain among elderly.


Keywords


Epsom salt fomentation, Modified Numeric Pain Rating Scale.

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