IDENTIFYING CLINICALLY METABOLIC SIGNATURES OF OBESITY IN “NORMAL WEIGHT - OBESITY MIMICKERS

Dr Shiv Parshad Mittal, Dr Kiranjeet Kaur

Abstract


Introduction: Sedentary life and altered dietary habits parallels with increase in normal weight but “lean mass” population. We attempt to study the prevalence of this problem.

 Material and Method:  182 (male = 73 & female = 109) students with normal Body Mass Index (BMI) were studied.

Results: Mean age of either sex was 19 ± 1.23 years. Family history of diabetes mellitus was present in 47.46% and 45.83%; obesity in 2338.98% and 31.25%; hypertension in 18.64% and 12.5%; and coronary artery disease in 3 and 1 male and female students respectively.

     13 male and 14 female students did not consent for waist and hip measurement. Students with normal BMI [N=145 (84.30%)], especially female [F=90 (52.33%)], performed mild exercises. Increased waist circumference (WC) and waist – hip ratio (WHR) were 4 & 12, and 12 & 26 found in these male and female students respectively.

      In students with low birthweight (M=4 & F=9), WC was increased in 01 male and 01 female, and WHR in 02 male and 03 female students. In normal birthweight students (M=13 & F=23), increased WC and WHR were present in 4 and 3, and 2 and 5 male and female students respectively.

       Conclusion: “Normal weight with Lean mass” students seem to be similar to metabolic active obese and we call them “Normal Weight Obesity Mimickers”. Female students are at risk of developing DM & HTN, whereas male at risk of HTN and obesity later on.

Keywords


Sarcopenic obesity, Normal weight with lean mass, Obesity mimickers.

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