A PROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF GLUCOSE INTOERANCE DURING PREGNANCY AT TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN NORTH INDIAN POPULATION

Dr Neena Gupta, Dr Astha Sharma, Dr Uruj Jahan

Abstract


This study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of GGI and GDM using Diabetes in pregnancy study group India (DIPSI) criteria and associated risk factors in pregnant women. Universal screening for glucose intolerance was carried on every antenatal case considering Oral Glucose Tolerance test (OGTT) as gold standard. Patients were categorized based on DIPSI guidelines. Duration of the study was 2 years and 1100 antenatal cases were screened. Prevalence of risk factors like increasing age , BMI ≥25, family history of Diabetes, previous history of GDM were studied in GGI ,GDM and normal patients and results were statistically analyzed. The prevalence of GGI and GDM in this study was 4.36 and 8 %  respectively and association risk factors like advanced age, multiparty, high BMI, positive family history of DM and previous history of GDM was found to be statistically significant..


Keywords


Gestational diabetes mellitus, Oral glucose tolerance test, Diabetes in pregnancy study group India

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