IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IS RISK FACTOR IN CASE OF SIMPLE FEBRILE CONVULSION

Dr Harsha Makwana, Dr Bharat Muliya

Abstract


Background : Febrile Convulsions are the most common cause of convulsions in children and frequent cause of emergency hospital admissions. Indian studies suggested that up to 10% of children experience a Febrile Convulsion.

Objectives: This study was done with the intension of finding out incidence of Iron deficiency anemia in case of Febrile Convulsion. Also to evaluate correction of Iron deficiency anemia and its relation with Febrile Convulsion in children aged between 6months to 5years.

Material and Methods: One hundred infants and children aged between 6months to 5 years were included in this case control study. Further divided into 2 groups each consisted 50 patients with Febrile Convulsion and febrile illness respectively who were assigned to receive oral Iron therapy based on their hemoglobin level less than 11gm/dl and reviewed those patients at 8 weeks of therapy and recorded hemoglobin, MCH, MCV, MCHC, RDW, S.Ferritin levels and number of admission and number of Febrile Convulsion in 1year duration after 1st   episode of Febrile Convulsion.

Result: Majority of patients were in age group between 24 to 47months among cases and 12 to 23months among controls. There were 32 cases and 16 controls with hemoglobin less than 11gm/dl who received Iron therapy and noticed only 3 patients  had more than 2 episodes of Febrile Convulsion out of 32 cases in 1year of duration.

Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia is modifiable risk factor for Febrile Convulsion in age group between 6months to 5years. Early detection and timely correction of Iron deficiency may be helpful for prevention of Febrile Convulsion in children of this age group.


Keywords


Febrile Convulsion, Iron deficiency,hemoglobin

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