CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF OPEN REDUCTION AND CANNULATED SCREW FIXATION FOR LATERAL CONDYLAR FRACTURE OF HUMERUS IN CHILDREN

Rohan Memon, Ketan Parmar, Ketan Parmar, Nishant suvagiya, Nishant suvagiya

Abstract


Introduction: Lateral condyle fracture of humerus in children is the most common elbow fracture that
involves the growth plate and the second most common elbow fracture children following supracondylar
fracture of the humerus. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of operative treatment of displaced
lateral condyle fractures using cannulated cancellous screws.
Materials and methods: We reviewed 37 lateral condyle fracture of humerus in children treated with screw xation, from July
2015 to June 2018. Patient with age 5 to 12 years, closed fracture with displacement >2mm, fracture with enough metaphysical
fragment for screw and fracture less than 2 week s were included. Patients with open fractures, anatomical elbow deformity,
associated another injury in the same joint were excluded. Preoperative X-rays were used to classify fracture according to Milch
classication Postoperative X-rays were used to evaluate screw positions, fracture union, thepresence of growth plate arrest
and avascular necrosis.
Results: There were 26 boys and 6 girls in the study, with an average age of 7.7 (peak age mode 7, range 5 to 12 years). Average
follow-up was 14months (range 8 to 24 months). The commonest mode of injury was fall down while playing and it was seen in
24 patients (75%), and 8 patients (25%) had fractures caused by motor vehicle accidents. The nal outcome was evaluated with
Mayo Elbow Performance score. At nal follow up 90.62% (n=29) had excellent outcome and 9% (n=3) had good outcome.
There were no poor results.
Conclusion: Screw provides absolute stability which reduces the possibility of lateral prominence and promotes early fracture
union. Absolute stability of fracture permits a nearly range of motion with early return to pre-injury state.


Keywords


Lateral condyle; Fracture; Screw xation

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