MEANING OF SECULARISM AND SECULAR EDUCATION: An Overview

Dr. Mohammad Hanif Ahmad

Abstract


In a truly secular country or state, all citizens irrespective of religion would be covered by a single set of laws. In India, however, people of different religion beliefs are covered by different laws. The 42nd amendment to the Constitution of India inserted the word "secular" into the preamble thus making India a "secular" Republic. But is India truly a secular country? Secularism is adopted by most of the contemporary states. The three intrinsic principles of secularism are  freedom of belief, that every person living in that particular state has his own belief system and he can believe and worship any God, second is the institutional separation and third is the ‘no discrimination’ on the basis of religion. The largest democracy of the world, India claims to be a secular state. It brings democratic values to education and can include self-determination within a community of equals, as well as such values as justice, respect and trust. There were various reasons to declare a state as a secular, in which one was domestic reasons and other was global. If we talk about the internal reason, we know that most of the people in India follow the religion of Hinduism, but apart from Hinduism there are many religions such as the Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism etc. The state of India declares itself as a secular to get the support of the heterogeneous population. As far as the global reason is concerned, India proclaims itself as a secular state to portray a positive image in the world.

 


Keywords


Secularism, Secular Education

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