IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS AND RISK STATUS OF COLORECTAL CANCER AMONG PATIENTS WITH GI PROBLEM ATTENDING GASTROENTEROLOGY OPD IN SELECTED HOSPITALS IN KOLKATA.

Ms. Sampa Mitra, Prof. Purnima Kundu, Ms. Jharna Mandal

Abstract


One of the leading causes of deaths from cancer is colorectal cancer. 60% of the deaths can be prevented
with regular screening, hence, it is the most preventable cancer in the world but least prevented. So a
descriptive survey study was undertaken with the objective of identifying the risk factors and risk status of colorectal cancer
among patients with GI problem and nding out the association between risk status and selected demographic variables. One
hundred twenty four patients were selected by purposive sampling technique from the men and women patients who were
attending Gastroenterology OPD of B.R.Singh Hospital, Eastern Rly, Sealdah , West Bengal and who understand Bengali or
English. Face to face interview was carried out using interview schedule, physical assessment proforma , record analysis
proforma and a standardized online screening tool 'Your disease risk' by Siteman Cancer Center. The nding of the study
revealed that majority of the patients (60%) were at high risk of colorectal cancer among which 39% were found to have much
above average risk, 15% had above average and 6% had very much above average risk. The most predominant risk factors
present among the patients are low consumption of vegetables (62%), fruits (77%) and bre diet (66%), physical inactivity (67%)
and obesity (44%). It also revealed that signicant association exists between risk status and gender but no association exists
between risk status and educational status, occupation, income. So it can be concluded that assessment of risk factors is
important to reduce the number of people to suffer from colorectal cancer.


Keywords


Colorectal Cancer, Risk Factors, Risk Status

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