ROTAVIRUS INFECTION AS ONE OF THE INDUCING FACTORS THAT RESULTS INVAGINATION IN THE CHILDREN

Iqbal Pahlevi Nasution

Abstract


Background Invagination is a disease that occurs in children whom require emergency action. Factors associated with the occurrence of invagination during this time can’t be determined exactly because 95% of the cause of invagination is unknown (idiopathic), 5% for causal and rotavirus is estimated as one of the risk factors for the occurrence of invagination.


Objective To discover relationship between rotavirus infection as one of the inducing factors that results invagination in children


Methods After obtaining approval from the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, USU, the parents of the patients were given a detailed explanation of the purpose / benefits of the research, and given the inform consent. Stool examination is divided into invagination and diarrhea group. Stool samples examined in the laboratory by PCR to determine rotavirus.


Results Most type of invagination is Ileo-colica type with 21 patients (60%) followed by ileo-caecal type with 6 patients (17.1%). There is no significant relationship between sex with invagination incidences (p = 0.620); age and the incidences of invagination (p = 0.542). From the group of patients with invagination, 23 children were results with positive rotavirus type A  (65.7%), whereas in the group of patients with diarrhea, the results were 5 children (25%). There is a significant relationship between the incidences of rotavirus infection and the occurrence of invagination (p = 0.004).


Keywords


Invagination, Rotavirus, Age, Sex, PCR

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