A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF SHAMANAUSHADHI AND SHAMANAUSHADHI WITH AGNIKARMA ON KATI GRAHA W.S.R TO LOW BACK ACHE

Dr. Sukrant Sharma, Dr. Ashanka Bhardwaj, Dr. Vikram Balu, Dr. Sarabjeet Kour

Abstract


Agnikarma is one of the Anushastras mentioned by Susruta1 who has stated that it is much superior to kshara karma because of non-recurrence and its success in treating diseases incurable with other medications2. Katigraha (Low backache) is a musculo-skeletal disorder which is commonly seen in general practice with features of pain, stiffness, tenderness and restricted movements of lumbar spine. Current treatment procedures include NSAIDS, muscle relaxants, opioids, steroids, sedatives, epidural glucocorticoids and surgeries which are associated with varying degrees of side effects, relief and complications. Ayurveda explains many treatment modalities for Katigraha such as snehana, swedana, virechana, basti and many more. As shamanaushadis, Rasna saptaka kwatha and Trayodasanga guggulu are indicated in Katigraha. This present study is made to know the effect of Agnikarma in a comparative clinical study with the help of the above two medications. Folklore’s practice of panchaloha shalaka was adopted since it provides a simple, economical, minimal pain causing treatment for this common ailment. In the present comparative clinical study, treatment was given to 18 patients who were equally divided as control group and trial group. While Rasna saptaka kwatha and Trayodasanga guggulu was given to the control group, one sitting of Agnikarma accompanied by Rasna saptaka kwatha and Trayodasanga Guggulu was given to the trial group. The entire data was analysed statistically with pre and posttest design.                                                                                                                                            Results:- Control group showed significant results in Objective signs such as Pain. Trial group showed significant results in both Subjective and Objective signs such as Stiffness, Extension, Flexion and Right Spinal Rotation. Agnikarma when combined with oral medications resulted in early reduction of the symptoms significantly.


Keywords


Agnikarma, Anushastra, Katigraha, Panchaloha shalaka, Shamanaushadis

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